Get Professional Software Engineer Help by Outsourcing

There is a growing trend among companies today to outsource their IT tasks to software engineers to give themselves a cost-friendly way to get top-notch technology.  If you’re not sure about what, exactly, a software engineer can do for your company or what kind of qualifications you can expect to find, here are a few points to keep in mind:

Software Customization and Design – If you have a piece of software that you want customized to fit your needs or you would like a specific program developed to meet your exact needs, a software engineer can help.

Implementation – Getting the right software is only half of the battle – you have to be able to implement it and use it properly.  A software engineer can help with all steps in the implementation process and can provide training to end-users.

System Maintenance – At some point, your software will need some routine maintenance to ensure that it is still as optimal as possible.  A software engineer can help with this and can also help you forecast the maintenance costs and useful life for software and/or technology that your company may be considering. 

Compatibility – Software does not exist on its own, it requires interfacing with other technology and hardware to work.  A software engineer can help you determine what software is compatible with your current facilities or what you need to upgrade/change to make new software work. 

Troubleshooting – Valuable time and money is lost any time your system is down or runs slow.  Consulting with a software engineer is a good way to identify recurring problems and fix them to improve your efficiency. 

A software engineer could be exactly what your business needs to turn itself around.  A professional with a diverse background in software design and IT maintenance can be the missing link that enables you to get the most out of your technology.

Logistics & Transportation Solutions Moving Into the 21st Century

Logistics solutions are steadily making improvements in their technology and abilities to enhance the businesses prospective for many companies. They are already certified with the small parcel carriers such as FedEx, UPS, Canpar, USPS, BAX and others. They are creating specialties in the area of less than truckload shipping by using integration. They are hiring professionals in the areas of software, computer engineering, electrical engineering, and former LTL carriers.

Companies are turning their attention to logistics software such as RateLinx LTL Analysis. This software provides businesses with a greater level of market visibility at a previously unrealized level of granularity. It is providing them with answers and giving them plans that are specific to the shipping characteristics of their company. It will help companies execute their plans for improvements and give them outstanding results in the area of LTL pricing.

The logistics software is reducing and eliminating the need to outsource. They are realizing market discounts on a continuous basis and the ability to be setup with LTL carriers that they personally choose and have developed a strong trustworthy relationship with. At the same time they are ending their reliance on the seemingly never ending software maintenance costs. They are, in essence, taking back the control and making decisions regarding their freight on their own.

With the new technologies that are becoming so popular, companies are realizing savings that they have been looking for some time now. Many of the companies are saving, at the minimum, ten percent in only the first year of using the new software.

When a company decides to move their business to the next level, there are four simple steps that are necessary to get them started. They need to have an analysis run on their business needs. Once the analysis is complete they will begin putting the pieces together. They will determine what tools are needed, which specific carriers are desired by the company, what integration needs are necessary to get the project moving, and what auditing and payment needs are necessary.

By taking business to the next level and taking advantage of the state of the art technologies that are available, businesses are making their freight management and pricing extremely simple. Because the plan for improvements is made specific to a particular company, the cost reduction of the LTL costs will be at ten percent before they know it. They have trusted advisors for all of their LTL, TL, small parcel, international, ocean, and hazardous needs.

The process of moving to this new system will be very smooth and integrated. They will ensure that overpaying for freight is something from the past and that the savings will continue as long as the new technologies are being used.

Why Do We Need Software Engineering?

To understand the necessity for software engineering, we must pause briefly to look back at the recent history of computing. This history will help us to understand the problems that started to become obvious in the late sixties and early seventies, and the solutions that have led to the creation of the field of software engineering. These problems were referred to by some as “The software Crisis,” so named for the symptoms of the problem. The situation might also been called “The Complexity Barrier,” so named for the primary cause of the problems. Some refer to the software crisis in the past tense. The crisis is far from over, but thanks to the development of many new techniques that are now included under the title of software engineering, we have made and are continuing to make progress.

In the early days of computing the primary concern was with building or acquiring the hardware. Software was almost expected to take care of itself. The consensus held that “hardware” is “hard” to change, while “software” is “soft,” or easy to change. According, most people in the industry carefully planned hardware development but gave considerably less forethought to the software. If the software didn’t work, they believed, it would be easy enough to change it until it did work. In that case, why make the effort to plan?

The cost of software amounted to such a small fraction of the cost of the hardware that no one considered it very important to manage its development. Everyone, however, saw the importance of producing programs that were efficient and ran fast because this saved time on the expensive hardware. People time was assumed to save machine time. Making the people process efficient received little priority.

This approach proved satisfactory in the early days of computing, when the software was simple. However, as computing matured, programs became more complex and projects grew larger whereas programs had since been routinely specified, written, operated, and maintained all by the same person, programs began to be developed by teams of programmers to meet someone else’s expectations.

Individual effort gave way to team effort. Communication and coordination which once went on within the head of one person had to occur between the heads of many persons, making the whole process very much more complicated. As a result, communication, management, planning and documentation became critical.

Consider this analogy: a carpenter might work alone to build a simple house for himself or herself without more than a general concept of a plan. He or she could work things out or make adjustments as the work progressed. That’s how early programs were written. But if the home is more elaborate, or if it is built for someone else, the carpenter has to plan more carefully how the house is to be built. Plans need to be reviewed with the future owner before construction starts. And if the house is to be built by many carpenters, the whole project certainly has to be planned before work starts so that as one carpenter builds one part of the house, another is not building the other side of a different house. Scheduling becomes a key element so that cement contractors pour the basement walls before the carpenters start the framing. As the house becomes more complex and more people’s work has to be coordinated, blueprints and management plans are required.

As programs became more complex, the early methods used to make blueprints (flowcharts) were no longer satisfactory to represent this greater complexity. And thus it became difficult for one person who needed a program written to convey to another person, the programmer, just what was wanted, or for programmers to convey to each other what they were doing. In fact, without better methods of representation it became difficult for even one programmer to keep track of what he or she is doing.

The times required to write programs and their costs began to exceed to all estimates. It was not unusual for systems to cost more than twice what had been estimated and to take weeks, months or years longer than expected to complete. The systems turned over to the client frequently did not work correctly because the money or time had run out before the programs could be made to work as originally intended. Or the program was so complex that every attempt to fix a problem produced more problems than it fixed. As clients finally saw what they were getting, they often changed their minds about what they wanted. At least one very large military software systems project costing several hundred million dollars was abandoned because it could never be made to work properly.

The quality of programs also became a big concern. As computers and their programs were used for more vital tasks, like monitoring life support equipment, program quality took on new meaning. Since we had increased our dependency on computers and in many cases could no longer get along without them, we discovered how important it is that they work correctly.

Making a change within a complex program turned out to be very expensive. Often even to get the program to do something slightly different was so hard that it was easier to throw out the old program and start over. This, of course, was costly. Part of the evolution in the software engineering approach was learning to develop systems that are built well enough the first time so that simple changes can be made easily.

At the same time, hardware was growing ever less expensive. Tubes were replaced by transistors and transistors were replaced by integrated circuits until micro computers costing less than three thousand dollars have become several million dollars. As an indication of how fast change was occurring, the cost of a given amount of computing decreases by one half every two years. Given this realignment, the times and costs to develop the software were no longer so small, compared to the hardware, that they could be ignored.

As the cost of hardware plummeted, software continued to be written by humans, whose wages were rising. The savings from productivity improvements in software development from the use of assemblers, compilers, and data base management systems did not proceed as rapidly as the savings in hardware costs. Indeed, today software costs not only can no longer be ignored, they have become larger than the hardware costs. Some current developments, such as nonprocedural (fourth generation) languages and the use of artificial intelligence (fifth generation), show promise of increasing software development productivity, but we are only beginning to see their potential.

Another problem was that in the past programs were often before it was fully understood what the program needed to do. Once the program had been written, the client began to express dissatisfaction. And if the client is dissatisfied, ultimately the producer, too, was unhappy. As time went by software developers learned to lay out with paper and pencil exactly what they intended to do before starting. Then they could review the plans with the client to see if they met the client’s expectations. It is simpler and less expensive to make changes to this paper-and-pencil version than to make them after the system has been built. Using good planning makes it less likely that changes will have to be made once the program is finished.

Unfortunately, until several years ago no good method of representation existed to describe satisfactorily systems as complex as those that are being developed today. The only good representation of what the product will look like was the finished product itself. Developers could not show clients what they were planning. And clients could not see whether what the software was what they wanted until it was finally built. Then it was too expensive to change.

Again, consider the analogy of building construction. An architect can draw a floor plan. The client can usually gain some understanding of what the architect has planned and give feed back as to whether it is appropriate. Floor plans are reasonably easy for the layperson to understand because most people are familiar with the drawings representing geometrical objects. The architect and the client share common concepts about space and geometry. But the software engineer must represent for the client a system involving logic and information processing. Since they do not already have a language of common concepts, the software engineer must teach a new language to the client before they can communicate.

Moreover, it is important that this language be simple so it can be learned quickly.